Despite the best minds in the medical world working on it, there has as of yet been no advancement in understanding what causes the neuromuscular disease multiple sclerosis. This disease primarily seems to affect those in the 20-40 year old range and can manifest itself in a wide ranging variety of symptoms. There have however been many different theories as to what may be a trigger of multiple sclerosis symptoms. Some of these hypotheses include both environmental conditions and genetic predisposition.
What is an Environmental Trigger of Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms?
MS seems to be far more prevalent in those who live farther away from the equator. This equates to exposure to far less sunshine and as such the body does not produce sufficient quantities of vitamin D. This is considered to be a major trigger of multiple sclerosis symptoms. In an industrialized society we are constantly exposed to a wide variety of toxic chemicals that are suspected to cause damage to the body’s immune system.
We live in a very stressful world and research is showing that this stress can trigger MS symptoms as can smoking. Current theories conclude that a variety of serious bacterial infections such as Epstein Barr, Chlamydophila and others may be associated with the immune response that is at the root of MS.
Is there a Genetic Trigger of MS Symptoms?
There is no proof that MS is in any way a hereditary disease, but recent scientific research is finding that there may be some link between the chances of a person being diagnosed with MS and genetics. The survey shows that in the overall population a person has less than a 0.1% chance of having the disease, but if an immediate family member is diagnosed with it the odds climb to a 1-3% chance of being diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.
All of the studies done to date come to the same basic conclusion. This is that there is more than one trigger of multiple sclerosis symptoms and that no one gene or outside agent can be conclusively found as the root cause of the diseases. While we may not be able to pinpoint the cause, what we do know is the damage it causes. There are many studies currently under way to find ways to reverse the damage or at least slow down the progression with a variety of medication, natural therapy treatments and more recently stem cell replacement therapy.